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基于聚类分析的惠州外来工权益调查研究

发布时间:2011-12-16 23:11 来源:工大在线字号:T|T

  基于聚类分析的惠州外来工权益调查研究
  
  摘 要
  
  随着中国经济的发展和越来越多的农村劳动力向城市转移,外来务工人员已成为中国的一个普遍群体,而惠州地区主要是中小型企业,需要大量普工,外来务工者就成了这了主要群体。外来工的劳动报酬低、.居住条件差、超时加班严重、劳动报酬难保障、劳动合同签订不完备、社会保险不落实等工作权益都得不到保障。2008年1月1日实施新《劳动合同法》后,企业是否根据新劳动合同法实施,外来工的工作权益是否有所改善,因而对外来务工者权益保障状况的调查研究具有十分重要和深远的现实意义。
  
  本文以惠州地区外来工权益为研究对象,惠州地区外来工为研究主体,结合外来是工工作权益情况,提出了通过对外来工的工作时间、工资、福利待遇等几个方面进行分析,综合各种分析因素,根据外来工的研究需要,对外来工进行细分。本文探索基于数据挖掘的理论与方法及系统架构,并通过问卷调研获取数据并对数据进行预处理的分析,主要应用因子分析法、聚类分析法通过SPSS16.0统计分析软件进行指标的分析,K-Meanss、系统聚类的挖掘方法来得到外来工的分类。最后对外来工权益受保障情况进行分析。
  
  关键词:权益调查,SPSS,数据挖掘
  
  Abstract
  
  With Chinese economic development and a growing number of rural laborers to cities, migrant workers have become a common group, and Huizhou region is mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, needing a large number of S & P workers, foreign workers have become the major groups. Remuneration of foreign workers in low, Poor living conditions, overtime serious and difficult to protect the labor remuneration, labor contract is not complete, social insurance rights are not implementation and interests are not protected ,and so on.1 January, 2008 the implementation of the new "Labor Contract Law" is in forced , if the enterprises under the new labor contract law or not, the rights and interests of migrant workers have to make better or not, the result of foreign workers to protect the rights and interests of the state of research is very important and far-reaching practical significance.
  
  In this paper, it studied the rights and interests of migrant workers in Huizhou region, Huizhou area parties as a main body of research. Analysis of its rights and interests of migrant workers and to make protection evaluation. In the collection of data based on the actual, based on the application of SPSS software to investigate the rights and interests of migrant workers to carry out statistical analysis of the data processing, Main application the principal component analysis, factor analysis and clustering regression analysis model. Through the SPSS statistical analysis software used to indicators analysis, and analysis the rights of foreign workers by the security finally.
  
  Key words:  Rights investigation, SPSS, Data mining

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