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分析文章信号词 让雅思阅读解题更迅速更准确

发布时间:2011-12-14 22:42 来源:字号:T|T

  雅思阅读作为雅思测验中最重要的一部门内容,常被考生们列入重点温习打算。朗阁雅思培训中心先生先容,在雅思阅读培训进程中常有门生反应标题看得懂可是在原文中就是找不到对应的信息,以是雅思阅读失分征象明明。着实,说明以下剑桥雅思真题中的阅读标题,会发明考题对应的原文前后一样平常城市有些信号词。

  雅思阅读文章中的信号词就比如是高速公路上的标识牌,见到了它们,就可以知道目标地间隔本身的位置尚有多远,必要直走,照旧拐弯。考生应按照这些信号词来判定应该采纳精读.跳读或是扫读等纷歧样的阅读要领和能力。本文中,朗阁雅思培训中心阅读组的专家将会说明雅思阅读中信号词对考点指示的玄妙浸染。

  笔者把剑桥4-8阅读中呈现的与考点相干的信号词按照其所表达的逻辑相关分成八大类,别离是表顺接和递进,表比拟和转折,表相似,表分列序次,表夸大浸染,表第一流.较量级,表因果相关,表举例子和声名。

  一.顺接和递进

  例词:also, furthermore, moreover, what is more, in addition…

  考点:And Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom… (C6, P28, Q31找问题)

  理会:And在这句话开头,有必然的递进寄义,this wisdom则是指代了前面一句话呈现的their wealth of traditional knowledge(因纽特人传统的常识),以是这两句话有细密的接洽,同窗们在读题的时辰要通过发明信号词,然后发散地看它的前后句,最后把考点考查的意思增补完备。

  二.比拟和转折

  例词:however, but, although, nevertheless, on the other hand, by comparison, while

  考点:But such projects must be built to higher specifications and with more accountability to local people and their environment than in the past. (C7 P24 Q20)

  解题:此题是段落大意配对题,在确定H段段落大意时,段落中间but之后呈现的那句话就是解题的要害,按照句子中呈现的两个较量级,可以确定谜底应该为X The need to raise standards.

  考点:While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanove and his associates. (C7 P27 倒数第二段 Q39, 40)

  理会:段首句用while引起留意,我们可以按照success, 和后半句中的few teachers, spectacular results, 搞定最后两个填空题。

  三.相似

  例词:similarly, in other words, that is, put another way, as …

  考点: Thus, we concluded that the blind interpret abstract shapes as sighted people do.(C4, P28, Q40)

  理会:标题考的是对文章的总结。因此解题时重点看文章中暗示结论的句子,thus这个单词给了我们提醒,而句子中的as...do表达的是一个相似的逻辑,因此谜底可以确定为B。

  四.分列序次

  例词:firstly, second, another, the second, the most, the best, next, then, now, later, since, eventually, finally…

  考点:First, it lacked the necessary technical vocabulary. Second, it lacked the grammatical resources required to represent the world i an objective and impersonal way,... (C5, P49, Q30-31)

  理会:标题30-31考的是并列和否认的逻辑相关,原文中的first, second, 对应的就是标题中的neither...nor...这个并列相关,这两题的谜底就迎刃而解了。

  考点:First mechanism, then mass use of chemical fertiliser and pesticides, then monocultures, then battery rearing of livestock, and now genetic engineering – the onward marching of intensive farming has seemed unstoppable in the last hal- century, as the yields of produce have soared. (C7, P44, Q15)

  理会:段首句连用暗示序次的信号词,first, then, then… and now, 浮现成长的差异阶段。(the stages of development of farming industry C7 P77 选择配对)

  五.夸大浸染

  例词:in fact, in essence, in particular, emphasize…

  考点:This, in essence, is the problem of modern sociobiology- to discover the degree to which hard-wired genetic programming dictates… (C5, P21, Q18 信息包括题)

  理会:信息包括题考查细节是在哪个段落呈现,在做此类标题时,要留意信号词与考点的亲近相干性,从而敏捷找准谜底。这里呈现了in essence(实质上),起了必然的夸大浸染,敏捷扫读后,发明同时呈现了标题要害词sociobiology, 破折号后头的介词to表目标,与标题中的the general aim of同等对应。

  六.第一流.较量级

  例词:–est, most, best, more, better, superior, inferior, preferable, exclusively, extremely...

  考点:Making a rapid emotional assessment of the events of the moment is an extremely demanding job for the brain, animal or human. (C5, P44, Q24)

  理会:标题中呈现了第一流the most difficult tasks, 因此在原文中也应该响应的呈现第一流。除了明明的the most, -est, 尚有些单词自己也含有第一流的寄义,好比extremely, exclusively, superficially, 文中的这个extremely demanding对应的就是标题中的第一流,以是谜底也确定。

  七.因果相关

  例词:as, because, since, lead to, as a result, result in, consequently, therefore, thus, the caused of…

  考点:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem.(C6, P94, Q33)

  解题:标题问的是学校否定题目回响了什么,就是这个征象的基础缘故起因。因此原文中consequence就给解题提供了信息,按照consequence之前的一句话就可以将谜底找到。

  八.举例子和声名

  例词:for example, for instance, that is to say, i.e., such as, including…

  考点:Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton… (C5, P39, Q5 流程图)

  理会:我们看到such as后头是举例子,such as后头的例子可以作为定位词,woodflour, asbestos, cotton就是fillers的个中一种。Fillers在这里就是一个归纳综合性的词语,经常是考点。

  通过以上朗阁雅思培训中心专家对八类信号词的举例说明,信托可以给备战的考生们一点名贵的做题能力。信号词与考点是一对好伴侣,每每信号词呈现的处所,考点就会在它的四面匿伏着,因此考生要出格寄望这些信号词四面的内容,这对解题提供了重大的线索。与此同时,考生还要把握每一类信号词对文章段落布局起的浸染和意义,这样有利于考生们对段落主旨和上下句相关举办快速的判定,辅佐解题。

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