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韦氏大学词典收录部分新词

发布时间:2011-12-06 21:26 来源:字号:T|T

韦氏大学辞书收录部门新词

来历:美联社    日期: 2011-08-26

  SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (AP) — Merriam-Webster Inc. has added dozens of entries to the latest edition of its Collegiate Dictionary. Here are some, along with the year in which Merriam-Webster researchers first found them used in an English-language publication, and their meanings:

  — Americana (1841): genre of American music with roots in early folk and country music.

  — boomerang child (1988): young adult who returns to live at her or her family home, especially for financial reasons.

  — bromance (2004): a close nonsexual friendship between men.

  — continuous positive airway pressure (1975): abbreviated CPAP; a technique for relieving breathing problems (as those associated with sleep apnea or congestive heart failure) by pumping a steady flow of air through the nose to prevent the narrowing or collapse of air passages or to help the lungs to expand.

  — cougar (1774): slang term for a middle-aged woman seeking a romantic relationship with a younger man.

  — crowdsourcing (2006): the practice of obtaining needed services, ideas or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, especially from the online community, rather than from traditional employees or suppliers.

  — duathlon (1988): a three-part long-distance race typically having a running phase, a bicycling phase and a final running phase.

  — fist bump (1996): a gesture in which two people bump their fists together, as in greeting or celebration.

  — helicopter parent (1989): a parent who is overly involved in the life of his or her child.

  — m-commerce (1997): business transactions conducted by using a mobile electronic device, such as a cellphone.

  — parkour (2002): the sport of traversing environmental obstacles by running, climbing or leaping rapidly and efficiently.

  — robocall (1993): a telephone call from an automated source that delivers a pre-recorded message to a large number of people.

  — social media (2004): forms of electronic communication, such as websites for social networking and microblogging, through which users create online communities to share information, ideas, personal message and other content such as videos.

  — tweet (1768): a post made on the Twitter online message service.

  — walk-off (1990): ending a baseball game immediately by causing the winning run to score for the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off homer. Also, won by the home team in the bottom of the last inning, i.e., a walk-off win.




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