设为首页|加入收藏|网站地图|RSS
请选择搜索分类 新闻 留学 专题

2011英语六级考试阅读理解强化篇二十六

发布时间:2011-12-11 10:33 来源:字号:T|T

为了利便宽大考生更好的温习,帮考网综合清算了2011英语六级测验阅读领略强化篇二十六,以供列位考生测验复衔拷寮,但愿对考生温习有所辅佐。

The Success of Eastern Asia’s Economics

Outsiders have contemplated the success of eastern Asia’s economies with admiration, wonderment and sometimes hostility. Scholars long sought to pinpoint the secrets behind the achievements of Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Singapore. More recently, they have turned their attention to the emerging “tigers” of Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Hard work and entrepreneurial flair were obvious elements.

If a country is rich in a certain natural or human resource, its government should make sure nothing gets in the way of entrepreneurs who want to develop it,be they local or foreign. By allowing the latter a piece of the action, a nation benefits from the multiplying effects of investment, technology transfers and increased employment. And all the better if heavy tariffs or other forms of preferential treatment could be avoided.

In most cases, government’s main job should be to get out of the way of business. Heavy-handed intervention in industrial policy generally does not work.It tends to create inefficiencies and artificial barriers to wealth. Governments should concentrate instead on liberalizing their own trade laws and pushing the same cause internationally. Freeing commerce allows natural, human and capital resources to flow into endeavors where they are mot efficient. Governments should keep interest rates and taxes as low as possible and make sure the national bureaucracy is capable and relatively clean.

There is some truth to the argument that the region’s economic dynamos “had it easy back then.” Nations with scant resources and hardworking populations were able to export their way to wealth in the past three decades. One reason was that markets in North America and Europe were open and booming. Cold-war imperatives also helped. In part, they enabled some countries to protect infant industries. Today’s world is a harsher place. Developed countries are still in the grip of recession and a developing nation may face retaliation for even the most innocuous form of “nontariff barrier” – for example, tax incentives for certain industries. But as Asia becomes wealthier, it will serve as a huge new market to which developing countries can sell their goods.

Readers of the World Bank study would do well to remember that its sponsor is an organization that deals essentially governments. It was created to help them intervene in the development process. Its prescriptions can be faulty if they call for strategies to be imposed from the top instead of generated by businessmen. Hopefully, the bank’s report will note that in the end it is economic freedom – to apply entrepreneurial creativity, work hard and reap the rewards of such efforts – that makes any individual or nation wealthy. That was, and is, the secret of Asia’s success.

contemplate vt.1.打定,计议 2.考虑,对…周密思量 3.凝望

[遐想词] ponder vt. 思考,思量,沉思

irrespective a.不思量的,掉臂及的

hostility n.1.敌对,敌意,反抗 2.抵抗,阻挡 3.征战,战役

[遐想词] warfare n.1.战役(状态) 2.斗争,斗嘴

antagonism n.反抗,敌对,对立

pinpoint vi.1.精确描写,确定,确认 2.准确地确定…的位置

图库

更多

网友评论

排行

点击 评论 关注